Burns are one of the most common types of injury in adults and children. This article is explain How To Treat Burns with Natural Medicines and Ointments. Quoting from the Mayo Clinic, ideal burn treatment depends on the location, severity, and also the skin damage. So, you need to understand how to properly treat burns.
There are several levels of burns, namely grade (degree) 1, grade 2, and also grade three. Depending on the severity, your doctor may recommend that you use a burn ointment.
Here are some types of ointments for burns in pharmacies:
1. Bacitracin ointment
Bacitracin ointment is an antibiotic ointment that works to prevent bacterial infection in burns as well as to help treat scalded burns.
This ointment is generally used to treat minor burns or first-degree burns.
Apply the ointment 2-3 times a day or as needed. After applying the ointment, it’s a good idea to cover any open blisters with a bandage.
But before using it, consult a doctor first to be safer.
2. Silver sulfadiazine ointment
Silver sulfadiazine ointment can be used to prevent and treat infections in patients with second to third degree burns.
This burn medication contains antibiotics, so it helps wound healing by killing bacteria or preventing their growth from spreading.
Use silver sulfadiazine ointment as directed by your doctor until it gets better. So, you should not apply it too often if it is not recommended by a doctor.
In addition, silver sulfadiazine ointment can also cause the skin area to be more sensitive to sunlight. So, you are advised to protect the burn area from sun exposure after applying this ointment.
Also avoid using the ointment in the eye, nose, or mouth area.
3. Nanocrystalline silver ointment
Nanocrystalline silver ointment contains antimicrobials that are claimed to be effective for treating blistered burns.
This over-the-counter burn ointment reduces inflammation and speeds up the healing of your skin.
In addition, drugs containing nanocrystalline silver can also reduce pain due to burns.
4. Mafenide acetate ointment
This ointment is useful for treating severe burn infections or third-degree burns. Mafenide acetate ointment can be used alone or in combination with other drugs.
Mafenide acetate ointment works to kill bacteria and prevent the risk of bacteria spreading to the surrounding skin or to the bloodstream. In other words, this type of ointment helps prevent and treat infections in severe burns.
Recommended natural burn medicine
Generally, minor burns take about 1-2 weeks to heal completely. The goals of treatment are to reduce pain, prevent infection, and heal the skin.
Not only with ointments, you can also treat first-degree and second-degree burns by using natural burn remedies.
1. Water flow
First aid for minor burns that you have to do is to wet the skin area with running water for 20 minutes.
You can also compress using a wet cloth in water for 5-15 minutes.
This method aims to relieve pain and swelling. But keep in mind, don’t compress the burn with water for too long because it can trigger irritation.
2. Aloe vera
Aloe vera is a natural remedy that is claimed to be effective in treating burns and accelerating healing.
This is because the content has anti-inflammatory properties, improves blood circulation, and slows the proliferation of bacteria.
In fact, several studies have proven that aloe vera is effective in treating blisters, such as first and second degree burns.
You can apply fresh aloe vera gel directly from the plant to the burned area.
If you don’t have one, you can apply a pure aloe vera gel ointment. Make sure the aloe vera content is high enough, it doesn’t contain fragrance or alcohol.
Another natural remedy that you can use to treat minor burns is honey.
You can apply a thin layer of honey on the skin after exposure to hot water or oil. One thing to remember, this natural burn remedy is only effective for treating areas that are small enough and don’t hurt.
Honey has anti-inflammatory, antifungal and antibacterial properties. This is useful for helping to sterilize the wound area, soothe the skin, and prevent infection.
However, its need to take further research on the effectiveness of this natural burn remedy.
4. Petroleum jelly
Most cases of minor burns do not require antibiotic ointment. Minor first-degree burns usually heal on their own without treatment from a doctor.
You can simply use natural burn remedies such as petroleum jelly ointment. Apply it on the burn area two to three times a day.
However, if the wound is extensive, or if it is a baby or an elderly person, go to the hospital immediately for proper treatment.
Abstinences to avoid when treating burns
f you want to use natural burn remedies, you should be careful. The reason is, indiscriminately using drugs instead of accelerating the healing of burns, but may actually make them worse.
Therefore, you also need to know some taboos in treating burns:
1. Apply toothpaste
Many people use toothpaste as an ointment for burns. The reason is because toothpaste can provide a cooling effect and dry out the wound. Even though there are no research results that state this.
Applying toothpaste is actually at risk of causing burns to irritation to infection. This is because toothpaste contains many chemicals that may not be suitable for traumatized skin.
2. Using butter or margarine
There are no studies that support the effectiveness of butter or margarine as a natural burn remedy.
Applying butter directly to the skin can make the burn worse. In addition, this method is also feared to cause skin infections.
3. Apply essential oil
In fact, lavender essential oil has been studied for its potential to heal burns.
However, there isn’t enough research to actually allow the use of essential oils directly on problem skin.
So, essential oils, such as coconut oil, olive oil, or others, you should not use to heal burns.
Applying essential oils directly to the skin may actually make the wound worse.
5. Sticking ice cubes
Do not use ice cubes directly on the burn area. Because this can cause skin irritation.
Alternatively, you should moisten the burn area with running water or apply a compress for a few minutes.
6. Take off clothes that stick to the skin
Do not remove clothing that is stuck to the skin.
The reason is, it can cause skin damage and trigger the wound to open. In addition, this condition also makes injured skin more susceptible to infection.
This should only be done under medical supervision.
7. Don’t break the burn blister
Some time after experiencing burns, blisters can appear on the skin in the form of bubbles filled with water.
As much as possible, don’t pop the blister, even if it hurts or itches. Cracking the skin blisters can lead to infection.
If the burn blister accidentally bursts, you can simply clean the wound area with clean water and mild soap. Then, dry the wound gently and don’t rub it.
If you are worried, you should consult a dermatologist.
When to see a doctor?
You need immediate medical attention if the burn condition worsens or you are unable to perform self-care.
This is solely to speed healing and to prevent the risk of complications.
In general, you should also seek medical help if:
- Have a fever.
- The burn extends to other areas of the skin.
- Occurs on the face, hands, buttocks, or groin.
- The pain is excruciating, even smells bad.
The degree of burn increases to a third degree burn.
Remember, avoiding or delaying burn treatment can lead to serious conditions. Therefore, immediately get an ointment or burn medication, according to the doctor’s recommendations.