One fact that is quite sad is that almost all people, both children and adults, have at least one tooth with a cavity. In fact, preventing cavities is not a difficult matter. Taking steps to prevent cavities will also prevent you from various discomforts, such as bad breath, toothache, and tooth decay.
To avoid cavities, there are several easy ways that you can do yourself at home, such as the following.
1. Chew sugar-free gum
Chewing gum after eating, can help to remove food debris on the surface of the teeth. In addition, this activity can also prevent cavities by triggering the surface of the teeth to produce new minerals, so that the missing minerals do not cause cavities.
This ability is obtained from the xylitol content in chewing gum. Xylitol, has the ability to stimulate salivation, increase plaque pH, and reduce the formation of cavities-causing bacteria.
Even so, further research still needs to support this theory.
2. Eat foods that contain vitamin D
To prevent cavities, you need to meet the needs of vitamin D. Because this vitamin plays a role in the absorption of minerals that are good for health such as calcium and phosphate obtained from daily food intake. Vitamin D can be obtained from intake such as milk and processed products as well as sunlight.
3. Limiting consumption of sweet foods
Cavities are caused by various factors, one of which is the habit of consuming excessive sweet foods. So, if you want to prevent it, avoid sweet or sticky foods on your teeth. Because, both types of food can be easy targets for bacteria that cause cavities.
Eat vegetables to prevent cavities
Vegetables are good food to prevent cavities
4. Consumption of foods that are good for dental health
There are foods that damage teeth, there are also good for teeth. Foods such as fruits and vegetables are good for stimulating salivation. So, it can protect the teeth better from bacteria that cause cavities.
In addition, water and sugar-free gum can also help get rid of food debris stuck to the teeth.
5. Use toothpaste that contains fluoride
When brushing your teeth, remember to use a toothpaste that contains fluoride. Fluoride has an important role in preventing cavities. In the process, fluoride helps prevent teeth from losing minerals in the enamel, and can replace lost minerals. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, after breakfast and before going to bed.
6. Routinely use mouthwash
In addition to brushing your teeth, gargling with mouthwash containing fluoride can also help prevent cavities. In addition, using mouthwash will also help clean up food debris that is difficult for a toothbrush to reach.
7. Use dental floss
Dental floss or dental floss is a very useful tool for cleaning between teeth. This method is important because leftover food can become food for bacteria that cause cavities.
How to prevent cavities through medical measures
There are several methods that dentists can do to prevent cavities
Checking with the doctor at least every six months is one way to prevent tooth decay, including cavities. During the visit, the doctor will examine the condition of your oral cavity and provide several treatments to prevent cavities, such as:
1. Fissure sealant
Fissure is the chewing surface of the molars while sealant is a protective layer. The fissure sealant method is to apply a special resin-based material to the chewing surface of the back teeth.
The chewing surface is the area of the tooth that is prone to cavities. With the coating, the risk of holes in the area will be reduced. This treatment is recommended for school-age children.
2. Additional fluoride administration
If you feel you are not getting enough fluoride, your doctor can apply additional fluoride to the surface of your teeth to prevent cavities. Your doctor may also instruct you to use a special device for fluoride application if your risk of cavities is high.
3. Antibacterial treatment
If you are at a very high risk for cavities due to certain diseases, for example, your doctor will prescribe a special antibacterial mouthwash that can reduce this risk.