Cervical cancer is cancer that appears in the cervix, which is the part of the female reproductive organs that connects the uterus to the vagina. This disease is generally due to infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV).
Until now, not many experts say that there are certain foods that can trigger cervical cancer. Risky sexual behavior, immune system disorders, and smoking habits are some of the things that increase the risk of this type of cancer.
On the other hand, some foods can help prevent cervical cancer.
Foods to prevent cervical cancer
Here are some types of foods that are to help reduce a woman’s risk of cervical cancer.
Apples are fruits that contain flavonoids, which are antioxidants that are often in fruits and vegetables and are effective in preventing cancer. Besides apples, other foods that are also rich in flavonoids include garlic and spinach.
Avocados contain folate which can reduce the risk of cervical cancer. In addition to avocados, other foods that are rich in this substance include strawberries and nuts. Another benefit of folic acid in avocados is to avoid the accumulation of homocysteine substances that can interfere with the delivery of nutrients to the brain. Excess homocysteine in the body can inhibit the production of the hormones serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine which are can reduce stress.
Carotenoids as one of the raw materials for making vitamin A, can help prevent cervical cancer and carrots are one of the foods that are rich in these substances. In the consumption of raw carrots, the GI was found to range from 16-60. Foods with a low glycemic index are beneficial for diabetics.
4. Milk and its process products
Citing the Indonesian Ministry of Health, milk and its processed products such as cheese and yogurt are considered to be one of the foods to prevent cervical cancer.
Because, the content of calcium in it has the potential to increase immunity and protect the body from infection.
Orange is a fruit that is rich in vitamin C and has antioxidant properties that can prevent and inhibit the growth of cancer cells in the cervix.
Both of these ingredients can also prevent the body from receiving excessive exposure to free radicals which will increase a person’s risk of developing various dangerous diseases, from cancer to heart disease and diabetes.
Broccoli is rich in B vitamins and folate which can reduce homocysteine, as a substance that triggers abnormal cell growth in the cervix. This abnormal cell growth is at risk of becoming cancer.
Tomatoes are one of the foods to reduce the risk of this cancer. It is because they contain polyphenols and flavonoids which can prevent cancer and inhibit the growth of cancer cells in the area.
Other ways to prevent cervical cancer
In addition to eating healthy foods, prevention can also be done in the ways below.
• Routine cervical examination
The routine cervical examination will help detect early abnormalities in cervical cells that lead to cancer. That way, doctors can carry out treatment before the condition turns into cancer.
Women aged 25-49 years are advised to undergo regular cervical examinations every three years. Meanwhile, for women aged 50-64 years, the examination can be done every five years.
• Getting the HPV vaccine
HPV immunization can help prevent infection with this virus, which is one of the most common causes of cervical cancer. In addition to cancer, this virus can also trigger the transmission of sexual diseases such as genital warts.
• Avoid smoking
In people with a good immune system, the risk of HPV infection can be lower. This is what is difficult for smokers to achieve. Prolonged HPV infection without proper treatment is at risk of developing cervical cancer.
• Not having risky sex
HPV can be through risky sexual activities such as having sex without contraception or frequently changing partners. This virus can not only transfer through the penetration of the penis into the vagina, but also through oral sex, anal sex, and the use of sex toys.
By avoiding risky sex, then your risk of this cancer due to HPV infection can reduce.