As the younger generation, it is fitting for us to start working on a number of healthy lifestyles to maintain eye health. How to maintain eye health by doing the following activities:
1. Eat healthy and nutritious foods
Healthy eyes start with what is served on your plate. For that, start preparing a menu of healthy nutritious foods that contain Omega-3 fatty acids, zinc, vitamin C, vitamin E, and lutein or carotenoids that are abundant in fruits and vegetables. These ingredients can reduce the risk of macular degeneration, namely age-related visual disturbances and prevent cataracts.
The types of healthy foods to treat eye health are carrots, spinach, broccoli, salmon, tuna, eggs, nuts, seeds, or oranges. A healthy diet also helps in reducing the risk of obesity so that it can prevent the occurrence of type 2 diabetes, one of the symptoms of which can cause blindness.
2. Keep your body in shape by exercising
Exercise or sports activities not only maintain an ideal body weight but are also a way to maintain eye health. Exercising regularly can help improve blood circulation while keeping the body fit to carry out daily activities. In addition, exercise can reduce the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, a condition that causes damage to the small blood vessels in the eye.
3. Wearing glasses or eye protection
Glasses in question are glasses that can protect the eyes from exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. Too much exposure to UV rays can increase a person’s risk of developing cataracts and macular degeneration. If you are not comfortable wearing glasses, then wearing contact lenses that have UV protection can be an option to treat eye health.
In addition to glasses, you can to use eye protection, safety eyewear, or google when doing daily work. Generally, you can use eye protection by athletes in swimming, fencing, squash, baseball, cycling, or racing. Eye protection is can use when carrying out risky jobs such as construction workers, carpenters, blacksmiths, chemical workers, surgeons, and scientists.
4. Limiting gaze to television screens and gadgets
Frequently staring at television screens and gadgets such as smartphones, computers, or Smart TVs can immediately have a bad effect on the eyes. A number of adverse effects on the eyes such as eye strain, blurred vision, dry eyes, difficulty focusing on distant objects, headaches, to pain in the neck, shoulders, or back.
To minimize these adverse effects, you can wear glasses that will be prescribed by an ophthalmologist (optometry, ophthalmology, or optician). Provide a safe distance of about 15-30 centimeters between the gadget and both eyes. If your eyes feel tired, dry, or red, take a break by looking at another object at a different distance, known as the 20-20-20 method.
5. Perform the 20-20-20 . method
As explained earlier, the 20-20-20 method is generally if you have a habit of often staring at a television screen or gadget.
This method means that every 20 minutes, you must take your eyes off the television and gadgets, then look at objects that are 20 feet (about 610 centimeters) for 20 seconds. A method that looks quite easy and healthy to try, right?
6. Quit Smoking
In fact, smoking can damage the entire body. This includes damaging the blood vessels that supply blood and nutrients to the eye. It’s never too late for you the younger generation to stop smoking from now on. Beside save the eyes, you can also save all the limbs that can work normally again.
7. Check your eye health regularly
Regular eye check-ups can be inculcated from childhood. Because ophthalmologists are those who are experts in maintaining the quality of your vision and eye health. Eye examination from an early age is also useful for finding eye diseases that were previously undetected, such as glaucoma.
Glaucoma is a condition where the optic nerve is damaged, which can get worse over time. The detection of this condition is rare because it does not show early symptoms. However, early detection of glaucoma is very important to make it easier to treat.
The eye examination
The eye examination process basically involves several things such as:
- The doctor will check the patient’s and family’s medical history
- Vision tests to see if there are problems with the patient’s vision such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, or presbyopia.
- Eye pressure test and optic nerve to see the presence or absence of glaucoma, as well as
- External and microscopic examination of the eye before and after dilation (transformation of pupil size from narrowed to dilated by providing light stimulation).
By doing the 7 ways above, it will not guarantee perfect vision quality. However, by starting to live a healthy lifestyle, following the recommendations regarding eye care, and being diligent in checking the condition of the eyes to the doctor. This can reduce the risk, even prevent a decrease in the quality of your vision.